In this module, you’ll review the basics of peer review and learn about the importance it plays in the advancement of science and scholarship. You’ll also explore some criticisms of the traditional methods of peer review and examine some of the emerging alternatives, including open review.
At its most basic level, peer review involves researchers having their work evaluated by other experts in their discipline. It has played an important role in not only catching errors (or sometimes even outright fabrications) and advancing knowledge, but also in developing the general public’s trust in what we are doing and faith in our methods. In the videos and readings for this module, you’ll learn more about what peer review is, why it is important, and how it may change with the rise of new communication technology.
In this first video, How Science Works, Dr. Kevin Padian, Professor of Integrative Biology, explains the scientific peer review process:
In this second video, Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Modern Languages Association, discussions the crucial concept of quality and peer review, with a focus on open review:
- Peer Review
- How Scientific Peer Review Works
- Peer review and editorial decision making at journals
- Why Peer Review Matters
- Peer Review: The Nuts and Bolts
- Peer Review: Benefits, Perceptions and Alternatives
- The Role of Peer Review for Scholarly Journals in the Information Age
- Frequently asked questions about peer review
How do you see peer review changing in the next decade? Not at all, a little, significantly? Explain why in the comment box below.